Charles Wilkins translates the Bhagavad
Gita into English for the first time.
Henry David Thoreau becomes the first
Westerner to write about a yoga practice.
“Depend upon it that, rude and careless as I
am, I would fain practice the yoga faithfully. . .
To some extent, and at rare intervals,
even I am a yogi.”
- HENRY DAVID THOREAU
The Atlantic Monthly prints a poem by
Ralph Waldo Emerson entitled "Brahma".
Swami Vivekananda represents Hinduism at the
World's Parliament of Religions in Chicago
and formally introduces the US to yoga.
He addresses the group,
"sisters and brothers of America".
William Atkinson writes a series of books on
yoga under the pseudonym Yogi Ramacharaka.
THESE ARE THE FIRST YOGA BOOKS
WRITTEN BY AN AMERICAN.
100 YEARS AGO.
Hatha Yoga or
The Yogi Philosophy of Physical Well-Being
"Hatha Yoga is that branch of the Yoga
Philosophy which deals with the physical body -
its care, it's well-being, it's health, it's strength
and all that tends to keep it in its natural
and normal state of health.
It gives a man a healthy body.
A good instrument with which to work.
A fitting temple for the Spirit.
This exercise will fill the entire system with
prana. The student will emerge with every
bone, muscle, nerve, cell, tissue, organ
and part energized. Attuned by the
prana and their rhythm of breath.
A general housecleaning of the system.
Practice it carefully and feel as if you have been
given a new body, freshly created,
from the crown of your head to the tips of your
toes. We will let the exercise speak for itself."
- Yogi Ramacharaka
The Hindu-Yogi Science Of Breath
A Series of Lessons in Gnani Yoga
A Series of Lessons in Raja Yoga
Pierre Bernard opens a chain
of yoga schools in New York.
He studied the Vedic tradition and Hatha
yoga for 12 years with a Tantric Yogi
named Sylvais Hamati.
He taught yogic philosophy, asana, pranayama,
mantra, meditation, Sanskrit, etc.
In 1913, Bernard meets Blanche De Vries at one
of his yoga schools in Leonia, New Jersey.
"By 1914, Blanche had mastered Hatha Yoga so
well, Bernard put her in charge of his
yoga school for women."
"In February 1919, backed by several wealthy
patrons, De Vries opened an institute
teaching Yoga Gymnosophy - and here,
in a five-floor town house on
East Fifty-third Street, yoga took on its
most refined and modern incarnation to date."
"Students dressed in stockings or bloomers for
class and practiced on yoga mats. Teachers
would verbally instruct small groups and
physcially assist those students
who needed extra help."
"De Vries, who was twenty-eight years old, now
managed twelve Hatha Yoga instructors
and they all met her exacting standards."
De Vries taught yoga for more than 60 years.
She passed away @ 93 in 1984.
"Yoga is a profound science
for integrating body, mind and spirit
into a harmonious whole."
-Blance De Vries
1936 - 1943
Theos Bernard travels to
India & Tibet to study yoga.
Theos's father was Glen Bernard.
Glen visited India in the early 1920's.
He studied with Sri Yukteswar
The yoga bug ran in the family.
Glen's half brother was Pierre Bernard.
Which makes Theos his half-nephew.
Family Circle features Theos
on the cover of the magazine.
"Would yoga benefit you?, See page 14."
Fall of 1939.
Theos opens the
American Institute of Yoga in NY.
8 classes a month cost $20.
Theos gets a Ph.D. in religion
from Columbia University.
What did he do his doctorate on?
The Report of a Personal Experience.
A commentary on the HYP
with citations from the GS & SS.
The work included photos of him in asana.
Some of the first photographs ever taken
of an American in a yoga pose.
Prior to the existence of a religion department, Theos Bernard pioneered Indian and Tibetan studies at Columbia University. As an explorer, Bernard was only the third American to ever set foot in Lhasa, Tibet, returning from his first expedition in 1937 with hundreds of volumes of books, film footage, and still photographs. The first American to be initiated into the rites of Tibetan Buddhism, Bernard published several accounts of the theory and practice of the religions of India and Tibet, including his PhD dissertation on hatha yoga. The founder of the first Tibetan Buddhist research institute in America,
-Paul G Hakkett/Columbia250
"It should be thought very strange if one's hands and feet refused to behave, or behaved in a manner which showed that their owner had no control over them. Yet that is how too often human beings allow their most delicate instrument, the mind, to behave."
Theos Casimir Bernard (1908–47)
Richard Hittleman stars in a nationally
broadcast television show called
Yoga for Health.
This dude is a BOSS.
He's responsible for helping yoga
reach "mainstream" in the US.
He wrote a library on the subjects
of yoga & meditation.
The future never comes; the past never was. These are manufactured conveniences to facilitate the manipulation of mayic conditions. If we make an effort to become very quiet in our bodies and to stop our thoughts for a few moments we may have an inkling that AWARENESS is occurring NOW. Have we ever been AWARE at any time, in any dimension other than NOW? The ordinary mind computer can spew forth all of the "facts" that comprise a "past", but we can be aware of these facts only NOW. The ordinary mind computer can summon data from which it projects a "future", but are we aware of this future in the "future" or NOW? We do not exist in time. We exist only as SELF.
... the Sanskrit term, maya, a fascinating word that is used to describe that state of consciousness in which the "deaf" man functions. It is a state of illusion and forgetfulness, a type of hypnosis. That is, a man, forgetting his true nature, his real identity, forgetting who he is, identifies himself with a body and a mind and attaches himself to the objects and conditions that his mind interprets as the world. He then attempts to possess, manipulate and function among these objects and conditions in a way that he believes will result in his happiness and fulfillment. This assumption constitutes man's "fall" and is responsible for all of his subsequent difficulties, which in oriental philosophies are described as "sufferings".
...I become wholly immersed in mayic activities. Seeking protection and aggrandizement of myself. I contrive endlessly to experience pleasure without pain, happiness without despair, love without complications. I engage in those activities which my reasoning, rational, logical mind and my emotions & senses have informed me will accomplish these ends. In my state of maya I fail to understand that the selves I see all about me are also in this state of illusion and that the activities with which they are involved, those which their senses, emotions and reasoning minds have directed them to engage in, cannot lead to realization...
Yoga for Health
Introduction to Yoga
Guide to Yoga Meditation
Weight Control through Yoga
Yoga for Personal Living
Yoga: 28 day Exercise Plan
Guide for the Seeker
30 day Meditation Plan
Elvis appears in Easy Come, Easy Go.
His character ends up in a yoga class.
He does some poses and sings a duet
called "Yoga Is as Yoga Does".
The first issue of Yoga Journal.